view mercurial/ @ 1403:bc3e66edb04c

lazyindex fix, make load handle negative indexes properly.
author Eric Hopper <>
date Tue, 18 Oct 2005 20:05:54 -0700
parents 9d2c2e6b32b5
children 0847c45ffee6
line wrap: on
line source

""" - storage back-end for mercurial

This provides efficient delta storage with O(1) retrieve and append
and O(changes) merge between branches

Copyright 2005 Matt Mackall <>

This software may be used and distributed according to the terms
of the GNU General Public License, incorporated herein by reference.

from node import *
from i18n import gettext as _
from demandload import demandload
demandload(globals(), "binascii errno heapq mdiff sha struct zlib")

def hash(text, p1, p2):
    """generate a hash from the given text and its parent hashes

    This hash combines both the current file contents and its history
    in a manner that makes it easy to distinguish nodes with the same
    content in the revision graph.
    l = [p1, p2]
    s =[0])
    return s.digest()

def compress(text):
    """ generate a possibly-compressed representation of text """
    if not text: return text
    if len(text) < 44:
        if text[0] == '\0': return text
        return 'u' + text
    bin = zlib.compress(text)
    if len(bin) > len(text):
        if text[0] == '\0': return text
        return 'u' + text
    return bin

def decompress(bin):
    """ decompress the given input """
    if not bin: return bin
    t = bin[0]
    if t == '\0': return bin
    if t == 'x': return zlib.decompress(bin)
    if t == 'u': return bin[1:]
    raise RevlogError(_("unknown compression type %s") % t)

indexformat = ">4l20s20s20s"

class lazyparser:
    this class avoids the need to parse the entirety of large indices

    By default we parse and load 1000 entries at a time.

    If no position is specified, we load the whole index, and replace
    the lazy objects in revlog with the underlying objects for
    efficiency in cases where we look at most of the nodes.
    def __init__(self, data, revlog): = data
        self.s = struct.calcsize(indexformat)
        self.l = len(data)/self.s
        self.index = [None] * self.l = {nullid: -1}
        self.all = 0
        self.revlog = revlog

    def load(self, pos=None):
        if self.all: return
        if pos is not None:
            block = pos / 1000
            i = block * 1000
            end = min(self.l, i + 1000)
            self.all = 1
            i = 0
            end = self.l
            self.revlog.index = self.index
            self.revlog.nodemap =

        while i < end:
            d =[i * self.s: (i + 1) * self.s]
            e = struct.unpack(indexformat, d)
            self.index[i] = e
  [e[6]] = i
            i += 1

class lazyindex:
    """a lazy version of the index array"""
    def __init__(self, parser):
        self.p = parser
    def __len__(self):
        return len(self.p.index)
    def load(self, pos):
        if pos < 0:
            pos += len(self.p.index)
        return self.p.index[pos]
    def __getitem__(self, pos):
        return self.p.index[pos] or self.load(pos)
    def append(self, e):

class lazymap:
    """a lazy version of the node map"""
    def __init__(self, parser):
        self.p = parser
    def load(self, key):
        if self.p.all: return
        n =
        if n < 0:
            raise KeyError(key)
        pos = n / self.p.s
    def __contains__(self, key):
        return key in
    def __iter__(self):
        yield nullid
        for i in xrange(self.p.l):
                yield self.p.index[i][6]
                yield self.p.index[i][6]
    def __getitem__(self, key):
        except KeyError:
            except KeyError:
                raise KeyError("node " + hex(key))
    def __setitem__(self, key, val):[key] = val

class RevlogError(Exception): pass

class revlog:
    the underlying revision storage object

    A revlog consists of two parts, an index and the revision data.

    The index is a file with a fixed record size containing
    information on each revision, includings its nodeid (hash), the
    nodeids of its parents, the position and offset of its data within
    the data file, and the revision it's based on. Finally, each entry
    contains a linkrev entry that can serve as a pointer to external

    The revision data itself is a linear collection of data chunks.
    Each chunk represents a revision and is usually represented as a
    delta against the previous chunk. To bound lookup time, runs of
    deltas are limited to about 2 times the length of the original
    version data. This makes retrieval of a version proportional to
    its size, or O(1) relative to the number of revisions.

    Both pieces of the revlog are written to in an append-only
    fashion, which means we never need to rewrite a file to insert or
    remove data, and can use some simple techniques to avoid the need
    for locking while reading.
    def __init__(self, opener, indexfile, datafile):
        create a revlog object

        opener is a function that abstracts the file opening operation
        and can be used to implement COW semantics or the like.
        self.indexfile = indexfile
        self.datafile = datafile
        self.opener = opener
        self.cache = None

            i = self.opener(self.indexfile).read()
        except IOError, inst:
            if inst.errno != errno.ENOENT:
            i = ""

        if len(i) > 10000:
            # big index, let's parse it on demand
            parser = lazyparser(i, self)
            self.index = lazyindex(parser)
            self.nodemap = lazymap(parser)
            s = struct.calcsize(indexformat)
            l = len(i) / s
            self.index = [None] * l
            m = [None] * l

            n = 0
            for f in xrange(0, len(i), s):
                # offset, size, base, linkrev, p1, p2, nodeid
                e = struct.unpack(indexformat, i[f:f + s])
                m[n] = (e[6], n)
                self.index[n] = e
                n += 1

            self.nodemap = dict(m)
            self.nodemap[nullid] = -1

    def tip(self): return self.node(len(self.index) - 1)
    def count(self): return len(self.index)
    def node(self, rev): return (rev < 0) and nullid or self.index[rev][6]
    def rev(self, node):
            return self.nodemap[node]
        except KeyError:
            raise RevlogError(_('%s: no node %s') % (self.indexfile, hex(node)))
    def linkrev(self, node): return self.index[self.rev(node)][3]
    def parents(self, node):
        if node == nullid: return (nullid, nullid)
        return self.index[self.rev(node)][4:6]

    def start(self, rev): return self.index[rev][0]
    def length(self, rev): return self.index[rev][1]
    def end(self, rev): return self.start(rev) + self.length(rev)
    def base(self, rev): return self.index[rev][2]

    def reachable(self, rev, stop=None):
        reachable = {}
        visit = [rev]
        reachable[rev] = 1
        if stop:
            stopn = self.rev(stop)
            stopn = 0
        while visit:
            n = visit.pop(0)
            if n == stop:
            if n == nullid:
            for p in self.parents(n):
                if self.rev(p) < stopn:
                if p not in reachable:
                    reachable[p] = 1
        return reachable

    def heads(self, stop=None):
        """return the list of all nodes that have no children"""
        p = {}
        h = []
        stoprev = 0
        if stop and stop in self.nodemap:
            stoprev = self.rev(stop)

        for r in range(self.count() - 1, -1, -1):
            n = self.node(r)
            if n not in p:
            if n == stop:
            if r < stoprev:
            for pn in self.parents(n):
                p[pn] = 1
        return h

    def children(self, node):
        """find the children of a given node"""
        c = []
        p = self.rev(node)
        for r in range(p + 1, self.count()):
            n = self.node(r)
            for pn in self.parents(n):
                if pn == node:
                elif pn == nullid:
        return c

    def lookup(self, id):
        """locate a node based on revision number or subset of hex nodeid"""
            rev = int(id)
            if str(rev) != id: raise ValueError
            if rev < 0: rev = self.count() + rev
            if rev < 0 or rev >= self.count(): raise ValueError
            return self.node(rev)
        except (ValueError, OverflowError):
            c = []
            for n in self.nodemap:
                if hex(n).startswith(id):
            if len(c) > 1: raise RevlogError(_("Ambiguous identifier"))
            if len(c) < 1: raise RevlogError(_("No match found"))
            return c[0]

        return None

    def diff(self, a, b):
        """return a delta between two revisions"""
        return mdiff.textdiff(a, b)

    def patches(self, t, pl):
        """apply a list of patches to a string"""
        return mdiff.patches(t, pl)

    def delta(self, node):
        """return or calculate a delta between a node and its predecessor"""
        r = self.rev(node)
        b = self.base(r)
        if r == b:
            return self.diff(self.revision(self.node(r - 1)),
            f = self.opener(self.datafile)
            data =
        return decompress(data)

    def revision(self, node):
        """return an uncompressed revision of a given"""
        if node == nullid: return ""
        if self.cache and self.cache[0] == node: return self.cache[2]

        # look up what we need to read
        text = None
        rev = self.rev(node)
        start, length, base, link, p1, p2, node = self.index[rev]
        end = start + length
        if base != rev: start = self.start(base)

        # do we have useful data cached?
        if self.cache and self.cache[1] >= base and self.cache[1] < rev:
            base = self.cache[1]
            start = self.start(base + 1)
            text = self.cache[2]
            last = 0

        f = self.opener(self.datafile)
        data = - start)

        if text is None:
            last = self.length(base)
            text = decompress(data[:last])

        bins = []
        for r in xrange(base + 1, rev + 1):
            s = self.length(r)
            bins.append(decompress(data[last:last + s]))
            last = last + s

        text = mdiff.patches(text, bins)

        if node != hash(text, p1, p2):
            raise RevlogError(_("integrity check failed on %s:%d")
                          % (self.datafile, rev))

        self.cache = (node, rev, text)
        return text

    def addrevision(self, text, transaction, link, p1=None, p2=None, d=None):
        """add a revision to the log

        text - the revision data to add
        transaction - the transaction object used for rollback
        link - the linkrev data to add
        p1, p2 - the parent nodeids of the revision
        d - an optional precomputed delta
        if text is None: text = ""
        if p1 is None: p1 = self.tip()
        if p2 is None: p2 = nullid

        node = hash(text, p1, p2)

        if node in self.nodemap:
            return node

        n = self.count()
        t = n - 1

        if n:
            base = self.base(t)
            start = self.start(base)
            end = self.end(t)
            if not d:
                prev = self.revision(self.tip())
                d = self.diff(prev, text)
            data = compress(d)
            dist = end - start + len(data)

        # full versions are inserted when the needed deltas
        # become comparable to the uncompressed text
        if not n or dist > len(text) * 2:
            data = compress(text)
            base = n
            base = self.base(t)

        offset = 0
        if t >= 0:
            offset = self.end(t)

        e = (offset, len(data), base, link, p1, p2, node)

        self.nodemap[node] = n
        entry = struct.pack(indexformat, *e)

        transaction.add(self.datafile, e[0])
        self.opener(self.datafile, "a").write(data)
        transaction.add(self.indexfile, n * len(entry))
        self.opener(self.indexfile, "a").write(entry)

        self.cache = (node, n, text)
        return node

    def ancestor(self, a, b):
        """calculate the least common ancestor of nodes a and b"""
        # calculate the distance of every node from root
        dist = {nullid: 0}
        for i in xrange(self.count()):
            n = self.node(i)
            p1, p2 = self.parents(n)
            dist[n] = max(dist[p1], dist[p2]) + 1

        # traverse ancestors in order of decreasing distance from root
        def ancestors(node):
            # we store negative distances because heap returns smallest member
            h = [(-dist[node], node)]
            seen = {}
            earliest = self.count()
            while h:
                d, n = heapq.heappop(h)
                if n not in seen:
                    seen[n] = 1
                    r = self.rev(n)
                    yield (-d, n)
                    for p in self.parents(n):
                        heapq.heappush(h, (-dist[p], p))

        def generations(node):
            sg, s = None, {}
            for g,n in ancestors(node):
                if g != sg:
                    if sg:
                        yield sg, s
                    sg, s = g, {n:1}
                    s[n] = 1
            yield sg, s

        x = generations(a)
        y = generations(b)
        gx =
        gy =

        # increment each ancestor list until it is closer to root than
        # the other, or they match
        while 1:
            #print "ancestor gen %s %s" % (gx[0], gy[0])
            if gx[0] == gy[0]:
                # find the intersection
                i = [ n for n in gx[1] if n in gy[1] ]
                if i:
                    return i[0]
                    #print "next"
                    gy =
                    gx =
            elif gx[0] < gy[0]:
                #print "next y"
                gy =
                #print "next x"
                gx =

    def group(self, linkmap):
        """calculate a delta group

        Given a list of changeset revs, return a set of deltas and
        metadata corresponding to nodes. the first delta is
        parent(nodes[0]) -> nodes[0] the receiver is guaranteed to
        have this parent as it has all history before these
        changesets. parent is parent[0]
        revs = []
        needed = {}

        # find file nodes/revs that match changeset revs
        for i in xrange(0, self.count()):
            if self.index[i][3] in linkmap:
                needed[i] = 1

        # if we don't have any revisions touched by these changesets, bail
        if not revs:
            yield struct.pack(">l", 0)

        # add the parent of the first rev
        p = self.parents(self.node(revs[0]))[0]
        revs.insert(0, self.rev(p))

        # for each delta that isn't contiguous in the log, we need to
        # reconstruct the base, reconstruct the result, and then
        # calculate the delta. We also need to do this where we've
        # stored a full version and not a delta
        for i in xrange(0, len(revs) - 1):
            a, b = revs[i], revs[i + 1]
            if a + 1 != b or self.base(b) == b:
                for j in xrange(self.base(a), a + 1):
                    needed[j] = 1
                for j in xrange(self.base(b), b + 1):
                    needed[j] = 1

        # calculate spans to retrieve from datafile
        needed = needed.keys()
        spans = []
        oo = -1
        ol = 0
        for n in needed:
            if n < 0: continue
            o = self.start(n)
            l = self.length(n)
            if oo + ol == o: # can we merge with the previous?
                nl = spans[-1][2]
                nl.append((n, l))
                ol += l
                spans[-1] = (oo, ol, nl)
                oo = o
                ol = l
                spans.append((oo, ol, [(n, l)]))

        # read spans in, divide up chunks
        chunks = {}
        for span in spans:
            # we reopen the file for each span to make http happy for now
            f = self.opener(self.datafile)
            data =[1])

            # divide up the span
            pos = 0
            for r, l in span[2]:
                chunks[r] = decompress(data[pos: pos + l])
                pos += l

        # helper to reconstruct intermediate versions
        def construct(text, base, rev):
            bins = [chunks[r] for r in xrange(base + 1, rev + 1)]
            return mdiff.patches(text, bins)

        # build deltas
        deltas = []
        for d in xrange(0, len(revs) - 1):
            a, b = revs[d], revs[d + 1]
            n = self.node(b)

            # do we need to construct a new delta?
            if a + 1 != b or self.base(b) == b:
                if a >= 0:
                    base = self.base(a)
                    ta = chunks[self.base(a)]
                    ta = construct(ta, base, a)
                    ta = ""

                base = self.base(b)
                if a > base:
                    base = a
                    tb = ta
                    tb = chunks[self.base(b)]
                tb = construct(tb, base, b)
                d = self.diff(ta, tb)
                d = chunks[b]

            p = self.parents(n)
            meta = n + p[0] + p[1] + linkmap[self.linkrev(n)]
            l = struct.pack(">l", len(meta) + len(d) + 4)
            yield l
            yield meta
            yield d

        yield struct.pack(">l", 0)

    def addgroup(self, revs, linkmapper, transaction, unique=0):
        add a delta group

        given a set of deltas, add them to the revision log. the
        first delta is against its parent, which should be in our
        log, the rest are against the previous delta.

        #track the base of the current delta log
        r = self.count()
        t = r - 1
        node = nullid

        base = prev = -1
        start = end = measure = 0
        if r:
            start = self.start(self.base(t))
            end = self.end(t)
            measure = self.length(self.base(t))
            base = self.base(t)
            prev = self.tip()

        transaction.add(self.datafile, end)
        transaction.add(self.indexfile, r * struct.calcsize(indexformat))
        dfh = self.opener(self.datafile, "a")
        ifh = self.opener(self.indexfile, "a")

        # loop through our set of deltas
        chain = None
        for chunk in revs:
            node, p1, p2, cs = struct.unpack("20s20s20s20s", chunk[:80])
            link = linkmapper(cs)
            if node in self.nodemap:
                # this can happen if two branches make the same change
                # if unique:
                #    raise RevlogError(_("already have %s") % hex(node[:4]))
                chain = node
            delta = chunk[80:]

            if not chain:
                # retrieve the parent revision of the delta chain
                chain = p1
                if not chain in self.nodemap:
                    raise RevlogError(_("unknown base %s") % short(chain[:4]))

            # full versions are inserted when the needed deltas become
            # comparable to the uncompressed text or when the previous
            # version is not the one we have a delta against. We use
            # the size of the previous full rev as a proxy for the
            # current size.

            if chain == prev:
                cdelta = compress(delta)

            if chain != prev or (end - start + len(cdelta)) > measure * 2:
                # flush our writes here so we can read it in revision
                text = self.revision(chain)
                text = self.patches(text, [delta])
                chk = self.addrevision(text, transaction, link, p1, p2)
                if chk != node:
                    raise RevlogError(_("consistency error adding group"))
                measure = len(text)
                e = (end, len(cdelta), self.base(t), link, p1, p2, node)
                self.nodemap[node] = r
                ifh.write(struct.pack(indexformat, *e))

            t, r, chain, prev = r, r + 1, node, node
            start = self.start(self.base(t))
            end = self.end(t)

        return node