view usr/src/cmd/grep_xpg4/grep.c @ 0:c9caec207d52 b86

Initial porting based on b86
author Koji Uno <koji.uno@sun.com>
date Tue, 02 Jun 2009 18:56:50 +0900
parents
children 1a15d5aaf794
line wrap: on
line source

/*
 * CDDL HEADER START
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the terms of the
 * Common Development and Distribution License, Version 1.0 only
 * (the "License").  You may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.
 *
 * You can obtain a copy of the license at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE
 * or http://www.opensolaris.org/os/licensing.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions
 * and limitations under the License.
 *
 * When distributing Covered Code, include this CDDL HEADER in each
 * file and include the License file at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE.
 * If applicable, add the following below this CDDL HEADER, with the
 * fields enclosed by brackets "[]" replaced with your own identifying
 * information: Portions Copyright [yyyy] [name of copyright owner]
 *
 * CDDL HEADER END
 */
/*
 * Copyright 2004 Sun Microsystems, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 * Use is subject to license terms.
 */

#pragma ident	"@(#)grep.c	1.28	05/06/08 SMI"

/*
 * grep - pattern matching program - combined grep, egrep, and fgrep.
 *	Based on MKS grep command, with XCU & Solaris mods.
 */

/*
 * Copyright 1985, 1992 by Mortice Kern Systems Inc.  All rights reserved.
 *
 */

#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <regex.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <locale.h>
#include <wchar.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <wctype.h>

#define	BSIZE		512		/* Size of block for -b */
#define	BUFSIZE		8192		/* Input buffer size */

#define	M_CSETSIZE	256		/* singlebyte chars */
static int	bmglen;			/* length of BMG pattern */
static char	*bmgpat;		/* BMG pattern */
static int	bmgtab[M_CSETSIZE];	/* BMG delta1 table */

typedef	struct	_PATTERN	{
	char	*pattern;		/* original pattern */
	wchar_t	*wpattern;		/* wide, lowercased pattern */
	struct	_PATTERN	*next;
	regex_t	re;			/* compiled pattern */
} PATTERN;

static PATTERN	*patterns;
static char	errstr[128];		/* regerror string buffer */
static int	regflags = 0;		/* regcomp options */
static uchar_t	fgrep = 0;		/* Invoked as fgrep */
static uchar_t	egrep = 0;		/* Invoked as egrep */
static uchar_t	nvflag = 1;		/* Print matching lines */
static uchar_t	cflag;			/* Count of matches */
static uchar_t	iflag;			/* Case insensitve matching */
static uchar_t	hflag;			/* Supress printing of filename */
static uchar_t	lflag;			/* Print file names of matches */
static uchar_t	nflag;			/* Precede lines by line number */
static uchar_t	bflag;			/* Preccede matches by block number */
static uchar_t	sflag;			/* Suppress file error messages */
static uchar_t	qflag;			/* Suppress standard output */
static uchar_t	wflag;			/* Search for expression as a word */
static uchar_t	xflag;			/* Anchoring */
static uchar_t	Eflag;			/* Egrep or -E flag */
static uchar_t	Fflag;			/* Fgrep or -F flag */
static uchar_t	outfn;			/* Put out file name */
static char	*cmdname;

static int	use_wchar, use_bmg, mblocale;

static size_t	outbuflen, prntbuflen;
static char	*prntbuf;
static wchar_t	*outline;

static void	addfile(char *fn);
static void	addpattern(char *s);
static void	fixpatterns(void);
static void	usage(void);
static int	grep(int, char *);
static void	bmgcomp(char *, int);
static char	*bmgexec(char *, char *);

/*
 * mainline for grep
 */
int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
	char	*ap;
	int	matched = 0;
	int	c;
	int	fflag = 0;
	int	errors = 0;
	int	i, n_pattern = 0, n_file = 0;
	char	**pattern_list = NULL;
	char	**file_list = NULL;

	(void) setlocale(LC_ALL, "");
#if !defined(TEXT_DOMAIN)	/* Should be defined by cc -D */
#define	TEXT_DOMAIN	"SYS_TEST"	/* Use this only if it weren't */
#endif
	(void) textdomain(TEXT_DOMAIN);

	/*
	 * true if this is running on the multibyte locale
	 */
	mblocale = (MB_CUR_MAX > 1);
	/*
	 * Skip leading slashes
	 */
	cmdname = argv[0];
	if (ap = strrchr(cmdname, '/'))
		cmdname = ap + 1;

	ap = cmdname;
	/*
	 * Detect egrep/fgrep via command name, map to -E and -F options.
	 */
	if (*ap == 'e' || *ap == 'E') {
		regflags |= REG_EXTENDED;
		egrep++;
	} else {
		if (*ap == 'f' || *ap == 'F') {
			fgrep++;
		}
	}

	while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "vwchilnbse:f:qxEFI")) != EOF) {
		switch (c) {
		case 'v':	/* POSIX: negate matches */
			nvflag = 0;
			break;

		case 'c':	/* POSIX: write count */
			cflag++;
			break;

		case 'i':	/* POSIX: ignore case */
			iflag++;
			regflags |= REG_ICASE;
			break;

		case 'l':	/* POSIX: Write filenames only */
			lflag++;
			break;

		case 'n':	/* POSIX: Write line numbers */
			nflag++;
			break;

		case 'b':	/* Solaris: Write file block numbers */
			bflag++;
			break;

		case 's':	/* POSIX: No error msgs for files */
			sflag++;
			break;

		case 'e':	/* POSIX: pattern list */
			n_pattern++;
			pattern_list = realloc(pattern_list,
			    sizeof (char *) * n_pattern);
			if (pattern_list == NULL) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("%s: out of memory\n"),
				    cmdname);
				exit(2);
			}
			*(pattern_list + n_pattern - 1) = optarg;
			break;

		case 'f':	/* POSIX: pattern file */
			fflag = 1;
			n_file++;
			file_list = realloc(file_list,
			    sizeof (char *) * n_file);
			if (file_list == NULL) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("%s: out of memory\n"),
				    cmdname);
				exit(2);
			}
			*(file_list + n_file - 1) = optarg;
			break;
		case 'h':	/* Solaris: supress printing of file name */
			hflag = 1;
			break;

		case 'q':	/* POSIX: quiet: status only */
			qflag++;
			break;

		case 'w':	/* Solaris: treat pattern as word */
			wflag++;
			break;

		case 'x':	/* POSIX: full line matches */
			xflag++;
			regflags |= REG_ANCHOR;
			break;

		case 'E':	/* POSIX: Extended RE's */
			regflags |= REG_EXTENDED;
			Eflag++;
			break;

		case 'F':	/* POSIX: strings, not RE's */
			Fflag++;
			break;

		default:
			usage();
		}
	}
	/*
	 * If we're invoked as egrep or fgrep we need to do some checks
	 */

	if (egrep || fgrep) {
		/*
		 * Use of -E or -F with egrep or fgrep is illegal
		 */
		if (Eflag || Fflag)
			usage();
		/*
		 * Don't allow use of wflag with egrep / fgrep
		 */
		if (wflag)
			usage();
		/*
		 * For Solaris the -s flag is equivalent to XCU -q
		 */
		if (sflag)
			qflag++;
		/*
		 * done with above checks - set the appropriate flags
		 */
		if (egrep)
			Eflag++;
		else			/* Else fgrep */
			Fflag++;
	}

	if (wflag && (Eflag || Fflag)) {
		/*
		 * -w cannot be specified with grep -F
		 */
		usage();
	}

	/*
	 * -E and -F flags are mutually exclusive - check for this
	 */
	if (Eflag && Fflag)
		usage();

	/*
	 * -c, -l and -q flags are mutually exclusive
	 * We have -c override -l like in Solaris.
	 * -q overrides -l & -c programmatically in grep() function.
	 */
	if (cflag && lflag)
		lflag = 0;

	argv += optind - 1;
	argc -= optind - 1;

	/*
	 * Now handling -e and -f option
	 */
	if (pattern_list) {
		for (i = 0; i < n_pattern; i++) {
			addpattern(pattern_list[i]);
		}
		free(pattern_list);
	}
	if (file_list) {
		for (i = 0; i < n_file; i++) {
			addfile(file_list[i]);
		}
		free(file_list);
	}

	/*
	 * No -e or -f?  Make sure there is one more arg, use it as the pattern.
	 */
	if (patterns == NULL && !fflag) {
		if (argc < 2)
			usage();
		addpattern(argv[1]);
		argc--;
		argv++;
	}

	/*
	 * If -x flag is not specified or -i flag is specified
	 * with fgrep in a multibyte locale, need to use
	 * the wide character APIs.  Otherwise, byte-oriented
	 * process will be done.
	 */
	use_wchar = Fflag && mblocale && (!xflag || iflag);

	/*
	 * Compile Patterns and also decide if BMG can be used
	 */
	fixpatterns();

	/* Process all files: stdin, or rest of arg list */
	if (argc < 2) {
		matched = grep(0, gettext("(standard input)"));
	} else {
		if (argc > 2 && hflag == 0)
			outfn = 1;	/* Print filename on match line */
		for (argv++; *argv != NULL; argv++) {
			int	fd;

			if ((fd = open(*argv, O_RDONLY)) == -1) {
				errors = 1;
				if (sflag)
					continue;
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext(
				    "%s: can't open \"%s\"\n"),
				    cmdname, *argv);
				continue;
			}
			matched |= grep(fd, *argv);
			(void) close(fd);
			if (ferror(stdout))
				break;
		}
	}
	/*
	 * Return() here is used instead of exit
	 */

	(void) fflush(stdout);

	if (errors)
		return (2);
	return (matched ? 0 : 1);
}

/*
 * Add a file of strings to the pattern list.
 */
static void
addfile(char *fn)
{
	FILE	*fp;
	char	*inbuf;
	char	*bufp;
	size_t	bufsiz, buflen, bufused;

	/*
	 * Open the pattern file
	 */
	if ((fp = fopen(fn, "r")) == NULL) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("%s: can't open \"%s\"\n"),
		    cmdname, fn);
		exit(2);
	}
	bufsiz = BUFSIZE;
	if ((inbuf = malloc(bufsiz)) == NULL) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext("%s: out of memory\n"), cmdname);
		exit(2);
	}
	bufp = inbuf;
	bufused = 0;
	/*
	 * Read in the file, reallocing as we need more memory
	 */
	while (fgets(bufp, bufsiz - bufused, fp) != NULL) {
		buflen = strlen(bufp);
		bufused += buflen;
		if (bufused + 1 == bufsiz && bufp[buflen - 1] != '\n') {
			/*
			 * if this line does not fit to the buffer,
			 * realloc larger buffer
			 */
			bufsiz += BUFSIZE;
			if ((inbuf = realloc(inbuf, bufsiz)) == NULL) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("%s: out of memory\n"),
				    cmdname);
				exit(2);
			}
			bufp = inbuf + bufused;
			continue;
		}
		if (bufp[buflen - 1] == '\n') {
			bufp[--buflen] = '\0';
		}
		addpattern(inbuf);

		bufp = inbuf;
		bufused = 0;
	}
	free(inbuf);
	(void) fclose(fp);
}

/*
 * Add a string to the pattern list.
 */
static void
addpattern(char *s)
{
	PATTERN	*pp;
	char	*wordbuf;
	char	*np;

	for (; ; ) {
		np = strchr(s, '\n');
		if (np != NULL)
			*np = '\0';
		if ((pp = malloc(sizeof (PATTERN))) == NULL) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext(
			    "%s: out of memory\n"),
			    cmdname);
			exit(2);
		}
		if (wflag) {
			/*
			 * Solaris wflag support: Add '<' '>' to pattern to
			 * select it as a word. Doesn't make sense with -F
			 * but we're Libertarian.
			 */
			size_t	slen, wordlen;

			slen = strlen(s);
			wordlen = slen + 5; /* '\\' '<' s '\\' '>' '\0' */
			if ((wordbuf = malloc(wordlen)) == NULL) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("%s: out of memory\n"),
				    cmdname);
				exit(2);
			}
			(void) strcpy(wordbuf, "\\<");
			(void) strcpy(wordbuf + 2, s);
			(void) strcpy(wordbuf + 2 + slen, "\\>");
		} else {
			if ((wordbuf = strdup(s)) == NULL) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("%s: out of memory\n"),
				    cmdname);
				exit(2);
			}
		}
		pp->pattern = wordbuf;
		pp->next = patterns;
		patterns = pp;
		if (np == NULL)
			break;
		s = np + 1;
	}
}

/*
 * Fix patterns.
 * Must do after all arguments read, in case later -i option.
 */
static void
fixpatterns(void)
{
	PATTERN	*pp;
	int	rv, fix_pattern, npatterns;

	/*
	 * As REG_ANCHOR flag is not supported in the current Solaris,
	 * need to fix the specified pattern if -x is specified with
	 * grep or egrep
	 */
	fix_pattern = !Fflag && xflag;

	for (npatterns = 0, pp = patterns; pp != NULL; pp = pp->next) {
		npatterns++;
		if (fix_pattern) {
			char	*cp, *cq;
			size_t	plen, nplen;

			plen = strlen(pp->pattern);
			/* '^' pattern '$' */
			nplen = 1 + plen + 1 + 1;
			if ((cp = malloc(nplen)) == NULL) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr,
				    gettext("%s: out of memory\n"),
				    cmdname);
				exit(2);
			}
			cq = cp;
			*cq++ = '^';
			cq = strcpy(cq, pp->pattern) + plen;
			*cq++ = '$';
			*cq = '\0';
			free(pp->pattern);
			pp->pattern = cp;
		}

		if (Fflag) {
			if (use_wchar) {
				/*
				 * Fflag && mblocale && iflag
				 * Fflag && mblocale && !xflag
				 */
				size_t	n;
				n = strlen(pp->pattern) + 1;
				if ((pp->wpattern =
					malloc(sizeof (wchar_t) * n)) == NULL) {
					(void) fprintf(stderr,
					    gettext("%s: out of memory\n"),
					    cmdname);
					exit(2);
				}
				if (mbstowcs(pp->wpattern, pp->pattern, n) ==
				    (size_t)-1) {
					(void) fprintf(stderr,
					    gettext("%s: failed to convert "
						"\"%s\" to wide-characters\n"),
					    cmdname, pp->pattern);
					exit(2);
				}
				if (iflag) {
					wchar_t	*wp;
					for (wp = pp->wpattern; *wp != L'\0';
					    wp++) {
						*wp = towlower((wint_t)*wp);
					}
				}
				free(pp->pattern);
			} else {
				/*
				 * Fflag && mblocale && !iflag
				 * Fflag && !mblocale && iflag
				 * Fflag && !mblocale && !iflag
				 */
				if (iflag) {
					unsigned char	*cp;
					for (cp = (unsigned char *)pp->pattern;
					    *cp != '\0'; cp++) {
						*cp = tolower(*cp);
					}
				}
			}
			/*
			 * fgrep: No regular expressions.
			 */
			continue;
		}

		/*
		 * For non-fgrep, compile the regular expression,
		 * give an informative error message, and exit if
		 * it didn't compile.
		 */
		if ((rv = regcomp(&pp->re, pp->pattern, regflags)) != 0) {
			(void) regerror(rv, &pp->re, errstr, sizeof (errstr));
			(void) fprintf(stderr,
			    gettext("%s: RE error in %s: %s\n"),
				cmdname, pp->pattern, errstr);
			exit(2);
		}
		free(pp->pattern);
	}

	/*
	 * Decide if we are able to run the Boyer-Moore-Gosper algorithm.
	 * Use the Boyer-Moore-Gosper algorithm if:
	 * - fgrep			(Fflag)
	 * - singlebyte locale		(!mblocale)
	 * - no ignoring case		(!iflag)
	 * - no printing line numbers	(!nflag)
	 * - no negating the output	(nvflag)
	 * - only one pattern		(npatterns == 1)
	 * - non zero length pattern	(strlen(patterns->pattern) != 0)
	 *
	 * It's guaranteed patterns->pattern is still alive
	 * when Fflag && !mblocale.
	 */
	use_bmg = Fflag && !mblocale && !iflag && !nflag && nvflag &&
	    (npatterns == 1) && (strlen(patterns->pattern) != 0);
}

/*
 * Search a newline from the beginning of the string
 */
static char *
find_nl(const char *ptr, size_t len)
{
	while (len-- != 0) {
		if (*ptr++ == '\n') {
			return ((char *)--ptr);
		}
	}
	return (NULL);
}

/*
 * Search a newline from the end of the string
 */
static char *
rfind_nl(const char *ptr, size_t len)
{
	const char	*uptr = ptr + len;
	while (len--) {
		if (*--uptr == '\n') {
			return ((char *)uptr);
		}
	}
	return (NULL);
}

/*
 * Duplicate the specified string converting each character
 * into a lower case.
 */
static char *
istrdup(const char *s1)
{
	static size_t	ibuflen = 0;
	static char	*ibuf = NULL;
	size_t	slen;
	char	*p;

	slen = strlen(s1);
	if (slen >= ibuflen) {
		/* ibuf does not fit to s1 */
		ibuflen = slen + 1;
		ibuf = realloc(ibuf, ibuflen);
		if (ibuf == NULL) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr,
			    gettext("%s: out of memory\n"), cmdname);
			exit(2);
		}
	}
	p = ibuf;
	do {
		*p++ = tolower(*s1);
	} while (*s1++ != '\0');
	return (ibuf);
}

/*
 * Do grep on a single file.
 * Return true in any lines matched.
 *
 * We have two strategies:
 * The fast one is used when we have a single pattern with
 * a string known to occur in the pattern. We can then
 * do a BMG match on the whole buffer.
 * This is an order of magnitude faster.
 * Otherwise we split the buffer into lines,
 * and check for a match on each line.
 */
static int
grep(int fd, char *fn)
{
	PATTERN *pp;
	off_t	data_len;	/* length of the data chunk */
	off_t	line_len;	/* length of the current line */
	off_t	line_offset;	/* current line's offset from the beginning */
	long long	lineno;
	long long	matches = 0;	/* Number of matching lines */
	int	newlinep;	/* 0 if the last line of file has no newline */
	char	*ptr, *ptrend;


	if (patterns == NULL)
		return (0);	/* no patterns to match -- just return */

	pp = patterns;

	if (use_bmg) {
		bmgcomp(pp->pattern, strlen(pp->pattern));
	}

	if (use_wchar && outline == NULL) {
		outbuflen = BUFSIZE + 1;
		outline = malloc(sizeof (wchar_t) * outbuflen);
		if (outline == NULL) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("%s: out of memory\n"),
			    cmdname);
			exit(2);
		}
	}

	if (prntbuf == NULL) {
		prntbuflen = BUFSIZE;
		if ((prntbuf = malloc(prntbuflen + 1)) == NULL) {
			(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("%s: out of memory\n"),
			    cmdname);
			exit(2);
		}
	}

	line_offset = 0;
	lineno = 0;
	newlinep = 1;
	data_len = 0;
	for (; ; ) {
		long	count;
		off_t	offset = 0;

		if (data_len == 0) {
			/*
			 * If no data in the buffer, reset ptr
			 */
			ptr = prntbuf;
		}
		if (ptr == prntbuf) {
			/*
			 * The current data chunk starts from prntbuf.
			 * This means either the buffer has no data
			 * or the buffer has no newline.
			 * So, read more data from input.
			 */
			count = read(fd, ptr + data_len, prntbuflen - data_len);
			if (count < 0) {
				/* read error */
				if (cflag) {
					if (outfn) {
						(void) fprintf(stdout,
						    "%s:", fn);
					}
					if (!qflag) {
						(void) fprintf(stdout, "%lld\n",
						    matches);
					}
				}
				return (0);
			} else if (count == 0) {
				/* no new data */
				if (data_len == 0) {
					/* end of file already reached */
					break;
				}
				/* last line of file has no newline */
				ptrend = ptr + data_len;
				newlinep = 0;
				goto L_start_process;
			}
			offset = data_len;
			data_len += count;
		}

		/*
		 * Look for newline in the chunk
		 * between ptr + offset and ptr + data_len - offset.
		 */
		ptrend = find_nl(ptr + offset, data_len - offset);
		if (ptrend == NULL) {
			/* no newline found in this chunk */
			if (ptr > prntbuf) {
				/*
				 * Move remaining data to the beginning
				 * of the buffer.
				 * Remaining data lie from ptr for
				 * data_len bytes.
				 */
				(void) memmove(prntbuf, ptr, data_len);
			}
			if (data_len == prntbuflen) {
				/*
				 * No enough room in the buffer
				 */
				prntbuflen += BUFSIZE;
				prntbuf = realloc(prntbuf, prntbuflen + 1);
				if (prntbuf == NULL) {
					(void) fprintf(stderr,
					    gettext("%s: out of memory\n"),
					    cmdname);
					exit(2);
				}
			}
			ptr = prntbuf;
			/* read the next input */
			continue;
		}
L_start_process:

		/*
		 * Beginning of the chunk:	ptr
		 * End of the chunk:		ptr + data_len
		 * Beginning of the line:	ptr
		 * End of the line:		ptrend
		 */

		if (use_bmg) {
			/*
			 * Use Boyer-Moore-Gosper algorithm to find out if
			 * this chunk (not this line) contains the specified
			 * pattern.  If not, restart from the last line
			 * of this chunk.
			 */
			char	*bline;
			bline = bmgexec(ptr, ptr + data_len);
			if (bline == NULL) {
				/*
				 * No pattern found in this chunk.
				 * Need to find the last line
				 * in this chunk.
				 */
				ptrend = rfind_nl(ptr, data_len);

				/*
				 * When this chunk does not contain newline,
				 * ptrend becomes NULL, which should happen
				 * when the last line of file does not end
				 * with a newline.  At such a point,
				 * newlinep should have been set to 0.
				 * Therefore, just after jumping to
				 * L_skip_line, the main for-loop quits,
				 * and the line_len value won't be
				 * used.
				 */
				line_len = ptrend - ptr;
				goto L_skip_line;
			}
			if (bline > ptrend) {
				/*
				 * Pattern found not in the first line
				 * of this chunk.
				 * Discard the first line.
				 */
				line_len = ptrend - ptr;
				goto L_skip_line;
			}
			/*
			 * Pattern found in the first line of this chunk.
			 * Using this result.
			 */
			*ptrend = '\0';
			line_len = ptrend - ptr;

			/*
			 * before jumping to L_next_line,
			 * need to handle xflag if specified
			 */
			if (xflag && (line_len != bmglen ||
				strcmp(bmgpat, ptr) != 0)) {
				/* didn't match */
				pp = NULL;
			} else {
				pp = patterns; /* to make it happen */
			}
			goto L_next_line;
		}
		lineno++;
		/*
		 * Line starts from ptr and ends at ptrend.
		 * line_len will be the length of the line.
		 */
		*ptrend = '\0';
		line_len = ptrend - ptr;

		/*
		 * From now, the process will be performed based
		 * on the line from ptr to ptrend.
		 */
		if (use_wchar) {
			size_t	len;

			if (line_len >= outbuflen) {
				outbuflen = line_len + 1;
				outline = realloc(outline,
				    sizeof (wchar_t) * outbuflen);
				if (outline == NULL) {
					(void) fprintf(stderr,
					    gettext("%s: out of memory\n"),
					    cmdname);
					exit(2);
				}
			}

			len = mbstowcs(outline, ptr, line_len);
			if (len == (size_t)-1) {
				(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext(
	"%s: input file \"%s\": line %lld: invalid multibyte character\n"),
				    cmdname, fn, lineno);
				/* never match a line with invalid sequence */
				goto L_skip_line;
			}
			outline[len] = L'\0';

			if (iflag) {
				wchar_t	*cp;
				for (cp = outline; *cp != '\0'; cp++) {
					*cp = towlower((wint_t)*cp);
				}
			}

			if (xflag) {
				for (pp = patterns; pp; pp = pp->next) {
					if (outline[0] == pp->wpattern[0] &&
					    wcscmp(outline,
						pp->wpattern) == 0) {
						/* matched */
						break;
					}
				}
			} else {
				for (pp = patterns; pp; pp = pp->next) {
					if (wcswcs(outline, pp->wpattern)
					    != NULL) {
						/* matched */
						break;
					}
				}
			}
		} else if (Fflag) {
			/* fgrep in byte-oriented handling */
			char	*fptr;
			if (iflag) {
				fptr = istrdup(ptr);
			} else {
				fptr = ptr;
			}
			if (xflag) {
				/* fgrep -x */
				for (pp = patterns; pp; pp = pp->next) {
					if (fptr[0] == pp->pattern[0] &&
					    strcmp(fptr, pp->pattern) == 0) {
						/* matched */
						break;
					}
				}
			} else {
				for (pp = patterns; pp; pp = pp->next) {
					if (strstr(fptr, pp->pattern) != NULL) {
						/* matched */
						break;
					}
				}
			}
		} else {
			/* grep or egrep */
			for (pp = patterns; pp; pp = pp->next) {
				int	rv;

				rv = regexec(&pp->re, ptr, 0, NULL, 0);
				if (rv == REG_OK) {
					/* matched */
					break;
				}

				switch (rv) {
				case REG_NOMATCH:
					break;
				case REG_ECHAR:
					(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext(
	    "%s: input file \"%s\": line %lld: invalid multibyte character\n"),
					    cmdname, fn, lineno);
					break;
				default:
					(void) regerror(rv, &pp->re, errstr,
					    sizeof (errstr));
					(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext(
	    "%s: input file \"%s\": line %lld: %s\n"),
					    cmdname, fn, lineno, errstr);
					exit(2);
				}
			}
		}

L_next_line:
		/*
		 * Here, if pp points to non-NULL, something has been matched
		 * to the pattern.
		 */
		if (nvflag == (pp != NULL)) {
			matches++;
			/*
			 * Handle q, l, and c flags.
			 */
			if (qflag) {
				/* no need to continue */
				/*
				 * End of this line is ptrend.
				 * We have read up to ptr + data_len.
				 */
				off_t	pos;
				pos = ptr + data_len - (ptrend + 1);
				(void) lseek(fd, -pos, SEEK_CUR);
				exit(0);
			}
			if (lflag) {
				(void) printf("%s\n", fn);
				break;
			}
			if (!cflag) {
				if (outfn) {
					(void) printf("%s:", fn);
				}
				if (bflag) {
					(void) printf("%lld:", (offset_t)
					    (line_offset / BSIZE));
				}
				if (nflag) {
					(void) printf("%lld:", lineno);
				}
				*ptrend = '\n';
				(void) fwrite(ptr, 1, line_len + 1, stdout);
			}
			if (ferror(stdout)) {
				return (0);
			}
		}
L_skip_line:
		if (!newlinep)
			break;

		data_len -= line_len + 1;
		line_offset += line_len + 1;
		ptr = ptrend + 1;
	}

	if (cflag) {
		if (outfn) {
			(void) printf("%s:", fn);
		}
		if (!qflag) {
			(void) printf("%lld\n", matches);
		}
	}
	return (matches != 0);
}

/*
 * usage message for grep
 */
static void
usage(void)
{
	if (egrep || fgrep) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("Usage:\t%s"), cmdname);
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext(" [-c|-l|-q] [-bhinsvx] "
			"pattern_list [file ...]\n"));

		(void) fprintf(stderr, "\t%s", cmdname);
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext(" [-c|-l|-q] [-bhinsvx] [-e pattern_list]... "
			"[-f pattern_file]... [file...]\n"));
	} else {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, gettext("Usage:\t%s"), cmdname);
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext(" [-c|-l|-q] [-bhinsvwx] "
			"pattern_list [file ...]\n"));

		(void) fprintf(stderr, "\t%s", cmdname);
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext(" [-c|-l|-q] [-bhinsvwx] [-e pattern_list]... "
			"[-f pattern_file]... [file...]\n"));

		(void) fprintf(stderr, "\t%s", cmdname);
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext(" -E [-c|-l|-q] [-bhinsvx] "
			"pattern_list [file ...]\n"));

		(void) fprintf(stderr, "\t%s", cmdname);
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext(" -E [-c|-l|-q] [-bhinsvx] [-e pattern_list]... "
			"[-f pattern_file]... [file...]\n"));

		(void) fprintf(stderr, "\t%s", cmdname);
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext(" -F [-c|-l|-q] [-bhinsvx] "
			"pattern_list [file ...]\n"));

		(void) fprintf(stderr, "\t%s", cmdname);
		(void) fprintf(stderr,
		    gettext(" -F [-c|-l|-q] [-bhinsvx] [-e pattern_list]... "
			"[-f pattern_file]... [file...]\n"));
	}
	exit(2);
	/* NOTREACHED */
}

/*
 * Compile literal pattern into BMG tables
 */
static void
bmgcomp(char *pat, int len)
{
	int	i;
	int	tlen;
	unsigned char	*uc = (unsigned char *)pat;

	bmglen = len;
	bmgpat = pat;

	for (i = 0; i < M_CSETSIZE; i++) {
		bmgtab[i] = len;
	}

	len--;
	for (tlen = len, i = 0; i <= len; i++, tlen--) {
		bmgtab[*uc++] = tlen;
	}
}

/*
 * BMG search.
 */
static char *
bmgexec(char *str, char *end)
{
	int	t;
	char	*k, *s, *p;

	k = str + bmglen - 1;
	if (bmglen == 1) {
		return (memchr(str, bmgpat[0], end - str));
	}
	for (; ; ) {
		/* inner loop, should be most optimized */
		while (k < end && (t = bmgtab[(unsigned char)*k]) != 0) {
			k += t;
		}
		if (k >= end) {
			return (NULL);
		}
		for (s = k, p = bmgpat + bmglen - 1; *--s == *--p; ) {
			if (p == bmgpat) {
				return (s);
			}
		}
		k++;
	}
	/* NOTREACHED */
}